The effects of preteen dating have not been well studied, largely because "dating" before 13 used to mean only going on group dates or "going out" without going anywhere. These days, though, tweens are acting more like teenagers, making one-on-one tween dating more common. Here's what research tells us about the negative effects of one-on-one teenage dating; these findings may give us insight into what tweens face when dating. Most child development experts agree that the earlier dating begins, the more harmful it may be.
Tween Dating May Increase Depression and Moodiness
Adolescents in romantic relationships tend to have more mood issues than single adolescents. First, mood swings tend to be more severe for tweens and teens in relationships than their peers. Secondly, symptoms of depression are more common among dating adolescents than among those who are not dating. Depressive symptoms are especially likely to occur surrounding break-ups. In fact, among adolescents who develop major depressive disorder, a break-up is the most common event that sets off the disorder.
Tween Dating May Create Conflicts
Adolescents in romantic relationships report having more conflict in their lives than do their single peers. These conflicts occur both within the relationship and surrounding the relationship. Adolescents often have disagreements with parents over their dating behaviors. Friends may also become upset about the amount of time that is being spent with a significant other.
Preteen Dating May Lead to Decreased Time with Friends
When tweens and teens become involved in romantic relationships, they often neglect their friendships. It has been found that as adolescents become more involved in dating, they become less involved with friends, trading off time with one for the other. In fact, 70% of adolescent girls in relationships spend less time with their best friend than with their boyfriend. Adolescents who are dating may miss out on key social and emotional development that takes place in the context of same-sex and non-romantic relationships.
Tween Dating Increases the Likelihood of Being Sexually Active
Perhaps obviously, tweens and teens who are in relationships are much more likely to engage in sexual acts than their single peers. Sexual encounters are especially common among adolescents who are in steady relationships compared to adolescents who are in a series of casual relationships. It's also more common in adolescents who experience early puberty. Given the increased risk of contracting STIs and/or becoming pregnant, increased sexual activity is no trivial concern.
Preteen Dating May Come Along With Other Problems
Many studies have found that tween and teenage dating are associated with a number of risky behaviors. For one, adolescents in relationships tend to use alcohol more frequently and in larger quantities than their single peers. In fact, it has been found that as kids become more involved in dating, their alcohol use increases simultaneously. Secondly, teenage dating has been associated with delinquent behaviors including stealing, destroying property and cheating. Finally, academic issues tend to be greater among tweens and teens who are in relationships than those who are not. Whether these problem behaviors are caused by dating or simply come alongside teenage dating is still being debated.
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